Accidents have claimed the lives of 220 to 260 individuals across the country where someone involved was driving while their blood alcohol content was over the limit in 2013. In all these, the record of deaths was more than 240. In the past thirty five years the number of drunk driving accidents have reduced however these numbers are still high.
When we compare the deaths due to road accidents caused by the drunk drivers, we can clearly see that the number has reduced by more than three quarters over the past three decades.
There are different scales, by which the limit of drinking can be determined in England and Wales, like 80mg per 100ml of blood, 35micro grams per 100ml of breath or 107mg per 100ml of urine.
In most other European countries, the limit is less, usually 50 milligrammes per 100 millilitres of blood.
Compared to the other parts of the United Kingdom, the drinking limit in Scotland is different. The limit was tinkered with in 2014 and placed at 50 milligrams of alcohol for 100 millilitres of blood. 22 micrograms of alcohol was accepted for every 100 millilitres of breath too.
The bid to make the Scottish roads safe, save human lives and also to be in line with what is obtainable in other European nations is the reason given by the government of Scotland for altering their drink drive limit.
If you're trying to stay under the legal drinking and driving limit, there is no exact formula to use. To be considered legally drunk, the amount of alcohol needed is different for every person.
Factors that affect this include:
The best thing to do while driving is to avoid drinking, because you never know what causes the accident, so better safe than sorry.
Alcohol badly affects the body's functions which are used during driving:
Drinking makes it difficult to see the things clearly, which can cause accidents if the person is driving. You are potentially likely to get involved in taking dangerous risks because you are encouraged to act on urges which you would normally repress.
If you plan of controlling a vehicle, the best advice is to stay clear of any alcoholic beverages, not even a sip, since that can still comprise your driving ability.
You will be taken out of the car to the side if the police want to investigate you to see if you are under the normal limit of drinking. The device that is used to check the drinking limit is called breathalyzer.
They will escort you to the nearest police unit and perform a more thorough screening of your breath when the normal breathalyser results are inconclusive or if they have valid reasons to suspect that you are operating a vehicle under the influence. There is a more advanced breathalyser at the police unit and you must give two additional breath samples.
To determine whether you are driving above the limit, the breath specimen that reads lower will be used.
You can choose to switch to a blood or urine test (police decide the exact one) if the sample you provide for the breath test is up to 40 percent over the limit. You will be charged only when the samples indicate that you are above the given limit.
The police can also carry out a breathalyser test if you have been involved in a moving traffic offence [going through a red light or making banned turns], been involved with in an accident or have given sufficient grounds to the police to believe that you are driving over the limit.
Check points where drivers are screened for drink driving are usually set up around the major holidays and the police can stop whichever vehicle they choose to stop.
People who are apprehended for being over the legal alcohol limit, and driving will be prohibited from driving for at least 12 months and can also face financial penalties to the extent of '5000. About 3 to 11 penalty driving points may also be slammed on you. Police can also send you to the jail for more than six months. The period of disqualification, imprisonment, the size of the fine and the penalty points accumulated will depend on the seriousness of the offence. The person will suffer from severe punishment if he gets caught more than once for exceeding drinking limit in 10 years time period.