The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between alcohol, drugs and crime is one of the most noteworthy parts of risks resulting from the consumption of alcohol and drugs.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
Because of such extensive increase in the abuse of substance, the number of people in prison has drastically increased.
37 percent of nearly two million convicts who are in jail say that they were consuming alcohol when they were arrested, as reported by the Ministry of Justice, and 40 percent of the law violations committed today, alcohol played a part in it.
Violent crimes ranging from rape, murder, child and spouse abuse, and assault are mostly linked with alcohol consumption compared to other drugs. The number of crimes where the victims perceive the offenders as alcohol users is up to 3 million, and available data about violent offenders and their alcohol use also shows that, more than half of the entire cases of assault and homicide happened when the victim, the offender or the duo were consuming alcohol. The offender in most cases of violent crimes will most likely be drinking alcohol than taking other drugs, except in cases of robberies.
Cases of aggressions where the aggressors and their victims are familiar with each other are mostly caused by alcohol. Only 31% of crimes are reported to have been done by unfamiliar people resulting from alcohol consumption, in comparison to a staggering two-thirds, where the victim was abused by a known person, such as current or ex spouse, workmate, boyfriend or girlfriend. On top of the 118,000 commotions that happen between family members and the 744,000 other commotions between acquaintances, about 500,000 commotions among fellow prisoners involve someone who has been consuming alcohol as well.
There is a complex relationship between drugs and crime, and questions are often asked whether drug use can lead people into criminal activity or whether people who are using drugs are already predisposed to criminal activity.
Majority of the people nabbed in different crimes do not use drugs, while most of the drug addicts do not engage in other criminal activities. The previous criminal activities can be prolonged and increased due to the direct and high relationship between drugs and crime at the most extreme level of drug use.
Where drugs are concerned, the types of crimes in question are usually:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. 17% convicts admitted to commit crimes to get money for drugs, 2004 crime rate conducted survey revealed. Close links between drug use among men, women and children can be seen among people who are involved in or exploited by the sex trade because a number of these people are caught up within the criminal-justice system. Evidence is available that the use of drugs was both a pre-determining factor within the sexual exploitation and as a means to cope with it.
The number of people arrested for driving while intoxicated [DWI] exceeds a figure of more than 1 million, and these are the third most commonly reported crimes within the UK. Alcohol has been found to be involved in close to 40% of all road accidents where someone died, and operating a vehicle while drunk or high is the primary cause of harm, disability, and loss of life in young people who haven't reached the age of 21. 36 people die daily and nearly 700 sustain injuries, multiple fractures resulting from motor vehicle accidents involving drunk drivers. 18% of deaths from car crashes involve the use of some other drug (such as cocaine or marijuana) usually used concurrently with alcohol.
In 2007 and according to The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, approximately one out of eight weekend nighttime drivers tested positive for illicit drugs. Furthermore, according to a study that involved senior high school students conducted in 2010, an estimated one-eighth of the respondents said that 14 days before responding to the survey, they operated a vehicle under the influence of weed.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. The driving capabilities of an individual and other negative consequences are highly probable when medical drugs are misused (taken against the doctor's instructions).
Four out of five preteens and adolescents who are in juvenile detention centres are apprehended for law violations where illicit substances or alcohol was involved, they ere drunk or high from alcoholic beverages or illicit substances, confessed to having dependency and substance misuse problems, and / or they gave a positive screening for drugs.
Substance abuse and alcohol addiction amounts to for 1.9 million of 2.4 million juveniles arrested, 68,600 youths treated for substance abuse.
Assailants had been consuming alcohol in three-fourths of the reported cases that involved spousal abuse.
As per a recent report, women related crime committed by a spouse in the previous 12 months revealed essentially higher substance mishandle and other wellbeing - related issues. 33% of women coping with physical violence reported drug and alcohol problems, as opposed to just 16% of those who did not experience violence.
Abusive behavior at home additionally affects other relatives. A UK study found that there was a 50% greater chance for children who witnessed their mother being abused to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
Overall percentage scale ranks 55% of domestic violence cases were allied to alcohol, 9% to drugs showing alcohol as a significant driving force to brutality at 65% compared to 5% drug related cases in marriage relationship violence against women victims.
While there is no "cause" of abuse and no one profile of someone who will commit abuse, there are a lot of factors that will make it more likely for abuse to occur. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. Nearly 4 in 10 victimisers confirmed that they had been drinking during the time of the incident.
More than half of the detainees require compulsory treatment for medication manhandle and addiciton but then less than 20 percent who require treatment get it.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. Between 60 and 80 percent of substance abusers break the law again (usually a drug-related one) and 95 percent of prisoners go back to abusing substances when they are released from prison, according to approximations.
For lawbreakers with substance abuse problems, medical care provides the best choice for getting out of the habit of breaking the law. Research has proven that treatment does work - people do recover from addiction and can maintain being abstinent from drugs and alcohol. Research has also demonstrated that criminal behavior declines as substance abuse does. People should be able to get help when they need it, even in jail or prison.
Treatment can also save money. '5.60 was saved on each dollar paid for medical care when it came to reducing medical expenses, imprisonments, apprehensions, food stamp usage, and child welfare, according to the findings of one study. This indicates that illicit substance avoidance tactics and medical care will reduce government spending, since law breaking behaviour is reduced when substance abuse is reduced as well.